Infinitiv and gerund are sentence structures that in other languages are formed by sub-clauses. Often times it is very difficult to transfer them literally into another language.
certain verbs require to be followed by a gerund as an object.
|verbs of liking and not liking||verbs of beginning and stopping||other verbs|
|like doing||begin doing||avoid doing|
|love doing||start doing||imagine doing|
|prefer doing||carry on doing||practise doing|
|(not) mind doing||continue doing||risk doing|
|hate doing||give up doing||suggest doing|
➔ like, love hate, prefer use optinally gerund or der to- infinitive
➔ would like, love hate, prefer is to be followed by to-infinitive only.
I love drinking lemonade.
I would love to drink a lemonade.
➔ Verbs of beginning optinally use to-infintive as well as gerund.
However, to-infinitiv relates to a short one-off action, gerund to one of longer duration .
➔ the following verbs are used only followed by to-infinitve :
He hoped to marry her.
She cannot afford to lose the customer.
We refuse to work on Sunday.
gerund after prepositions
➔ If a verb is used after an expression requiring a preposition, it needs to be as a gerund.
|apologize for doing something|
|look forward to doing something
|be against doing something|
|speak about doing something
|be used to doing something|
|thank somebody for doing something
sich bei jemandem bedanken
|dream of/about doing something /|
von etwas träumen
|think of/about doing something /
|feel like doing something|
|worry about doing something
gerund – to infinitive – shift in meaning
Some verbs change between gerund and to-infinitive and according to context also change their meaning. As a rule-of-thumb, to-infinitve relates to a one-time-action while gerund is used more in connection with a recurring action.
|to stop to smoke|
for a break
quit smoking comletely
|not to forget to do something|
|I will never forget kissing my girlfriend for the first time.
|He tried to phone you.|
|He tried giving up smoking.
|I regret to inform you.|
to regret in context of a certain occasion
| I regret not studying.
regretting something generally
| go on to read the text|
earlier you did something else
|go on reading the text
continue (you were just reading the text)